3. Security Issues
The XMLHttpRequest object is restricted to run within the browser’s security sandbox. Any resources requested by the XMLHttpRequest object must reside within the same domain from which the calling script originated. Therefore the XMLHttpRequest object is constrained to requesting resources that reside within the same domain from which the script was originally served. The W3C states, that in the future The XMLHttpRequest Object specification will define a way of doing cross-site requests.
There is an overabundance of online documentation stating that Ajax introduces multiple security threats. These threats include fake requests, denial of service, cross-site scripting (XSS), reliance on client-side security, and more. Jeremiah Grossman’s article, Myth-Busting AJAX (In)security, maintains that these security issues existed before Ajax and the recommended security best practices remain unchanged. Part of internet security basics is to distrust the client. Ajax is a client side technology and requests need to be treaded with the same caution as all other calls.
4.1. Usability Problems
Web users have become familiar with using classic web pages. Users have become accustomed to using browser features such as the back and next buttons. Ajax calls are not loaded onto the browsers navigation stack. Therefore the back button will not undo the last ‘Ajax operation’. Developers need to explicitly cater for undo operations.
Ajax enabled pages have a notion of state; this state is altered as the user navigates through the site. The browser is unaware of this state, and it is not reflected in the address bar. Therefore users are not always able to book mark a certain page state. Developers need to consider this when deciding on when to use Ajax.
The asynchronous nature may make page updates difficult for the user to notice. The developer needs a way of drawing the user’s attention to the modified section of the page. The ‘yellow-fade technique’ has become common practice. In this technique the changes are highlighted with a yellow background, and the yellow fades gradually. These and other techniques are becoming familiar to web users.